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Glossary of Islamic Terms


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Hadith (حديث)

Literally "speech"; recorded saying or tradition of the prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم validated by isnaad unbroken-chain of narrators, with sira these comprise the sunnah and reveal shariah. Plural: احاديث

Halal (حلال)

Lawful, permitted, good, beneficial, praiseworthy, honourable.

Hafiz (حافظ)

Someone who knows the Qur'an by heart..

Hajj الحج

Pilgrimage to Makkah. The fifth Pillar of Islam.

Hajj-al-Ifrad حج الافراد

In it a pilgrim enters in the state of Ihram with the intention of performing Hajj only.


In it the pilgrim enters in the state of Ihram with the intention of performing Umrah and Hajj together.

Hajj Mabrur

Hajj accepted by Allah سبحانه التعالئ for being perfectly performed according to the prophets Sunnah and with legally earned money.


The day of Nahr i.e. the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah.




In it pilgrim in the state of Ihram with the intention of performing Umrah and then after performing Tawaf and Sa'y he comes out of his Ihram. With the commencement of Hajj days, he enters on the state of Ihram again and performs Hajj.

Hanif (حنيف)

Pure Islamic Monotheism, worshipping Allah سبحانه التعالئ Alone and nothing else.

Haqq حق

Truth, reality, right, righteousness. Name for Allah سبحانه التعالئ is al-haqq.

Haram (حرام)

Fforbidden. Antonym: Halal.

Hijab (حجاب)

literally "cover". It describes the self-covering of the body for the purposes of modesty and dignity; broadly, a prescribed system of attitudes and behaviour regarding modesty and dignity for men and women.

Hijra (الهجرة)

Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم and his followers' emigration from Mecca to Medina. Literally, "migration". The Islamic lunar calendar.

Hudud (حدود)

Literally, limits or boundaries. Usually refers to limits placed by Allah سبحانه التعالئ on man in Hallal and Haram.

Hukm الحكم

A judgment of legal decision especialy of Allah سبحانه التعالئ .

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